Introduction and Securitization

Section I: Securitization and Social Structure

sec flow chart


“When I am weaker than you, I ask you for freedom because that is according to your principles; when I am stronger than you, I take away your freedom because that is according to my principles.”
From Children of Dune by Frank Herbert

Week 1: Introduction and Securitization

The focus of this week’s readings is examining the notion of security itself, since influence strategies are predicated on notions of security. Yet, we cannot take for granted that our current understanding of international security is correct, the only one available, permanent, and without problems, since international security has been evolving and adapting to changing circumstances since its inception. Thus, we begin by understanding that our very notions of security are complex and evolving.

Study Questions:

  1. How has the idea of security changed over the years?
  2. What are some of the new ways we think about security?
  3. What is securitization?
  4. What are some of the problems, issues with securitization?
  5. What do we make of the role of technology, science, and warfare?
  6. What explanatory power do Chaos and Complexity offer to contemporary warfare?

Core reading:

Barry Buzan and Lene Hansen, The Evolution of International Security Studies, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009), 1-60 and 156-184.

Antoine Bousquet, “Chaoplexic Warfare or the Future of Military Organization”    International Affairs, (2008), Vol. 84 no. 5; 915-929.

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